N108: Transition to the Registered Professional Nurse Role Study Guide The function of the State Nurse Practice Acts includes the following: • Carrying out of medical orders: Responsibility of the nurse is to critically examine medical orders for a patient. Nurse education provides a background to identify obvious discrepancies or problems. • Multistate licensure • Entry into practice • Unlicensed assistive personnel • Continuing education • Sunset laws • Good Samaritan Act • Child/adult/elder abuse: RNs must report • Must report an injury that was caused by a weapon Nursing Care Plans Nursing care plans includes six standards of practice, which is the foundation of the nursing practice. The six standards include the following: • Assessment • Diagnosis (analyzing data and creating nursing diagnosis) • Outcome identification (determining goals and outcomes) • Planning: determine plan of care • Implementation by taking nursing action • Evaluation (decide degree of patient’s progress toward goals) Nursing care plans outlines the nursing care to be provided to a patient, includes a set of actions the nurse will implement to resolve nursing problems identified through assessment, focuses on actions, which are designed to solve or minimize the existing problems, and is a deliberate systematic process, and incorporates North America Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA) and diagnoses with related factors, specific outcomes, and specific interventions. The North America Nursing Diagnosis Association was established in 1982 with the purpose to work toward uniform terminology and definitions to be used in creating nursing diagnosis and share ideas and information regarding this topic. Critical Pathways (Concept Mapping) Standards are intended to serve as guides to direct the healthcare team in daily care. The individual standard organizes and sequences the care and describes the care required for a patient at specific times in the treatment. It involves a multidisciplinary approach and identifies both the care activities and the outcomes for care. These specific standards of care become the basis for evaluation of care, quality improvement within the organization, and cost analysis.