N211: Health Differences Across the Lifespan I
50. Which finding should be promptly reported? a. RBC 5.2 million/mm3 b. WBC 10,000/mm3 c. Platelet count of 110,000/nm3 d. Hematocrit of 46% 51. The cardinal symptom of acute pulmonary edema is: a. dependent edema b. frothy, blood-tinged sputum c. pulmonary edema 52. Which statement best describes disseminated intravascular coagulopathy (DIC)? a. Bleeding from small vessels increases fibrinogen levels and reduces prothrombin time and partial thromboplastin time leading to bleeding disorders. b. Clotting factors and platelet levels are insufficient to control widespread bleeding caused by decreased fibrinogen levels, prothrombin time and partial thromboplastin time. c. Diffuse pathological coagulation disorder that inhibits the ability of clotting factors and platelets to stop bleeding. d. Clotting of small vessels throughout the body causes depletion of platelets and other clotting factors leading to generalized bleeding from multiple sites.
53. The bleeding associated with leukemia is usually caused by: a. alterations in leukocytes b. abnormal clotting factors c. decreased platelets d. increased prothrombin time 54. Which assessment would be most indicative of an iron-deficient infant with excessive milk intake? a. Hgb of 9 b. hyperactive c. in the 20th percentile for weight d. delayed eruption of teeth 55. The most common complication of pancytopenia in patients in chemotherapy a. would be: b. nausea and vomiting c. infection and bleeding tendencies d. alopecia and mood swings e. diarrhea and Xerostomia 56. The best way to help an infant with pyloric stenosis retain his feedings would be: a. place him on his stomach, immediately following feeding b. feed him while he lies supine in the isolette. c. after feeding, place him on his left side with the head elevated. d. feed him via nasogastric tube.
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