N211: Health Differences Across the Lifespan I
65. Anginal pain is usually precipitated by: a. spasm of coronary artery b. systemic vasoconstriction c. occlusion of pulmonary artery d. death of cardiac tissue 66. The primary difference between the pain of angina and the pain of a myocardial infarction is: a. intensity b. duration c. quality d. location 67. A patient that has just been admitted to the coronary care unit following a mild myocardial infarction is very anxious. Which of the following is of primary importance to reduce his anxiety? a. Anxiety will keep him from resting and rest is required for healing. b. Serum enzyme levels will stay elevated if his anxiety is up. c. Hormones released related to anxiety increase oxygen demand. d. If anxiety is unrelieved rapidly, psychotropic medications will have to be given and that type medication can interfere with cardiogenic medications. 68. Which habit below would increase the patient’s risk of colon cancer? a. high fat diet b. high calorie intake daily c. high protein diet d. lacto-vegetarian diet
69. Patients taking diuretics should be encouraged to increase their intake of: a. protein b. milk and eggs c. green and yellow vegetables d. citrus fruits and juices 70. Which safety measure should be taken for a postoperative lobectomy patient? a. position him on the operative side. b. encourage him to take sips of water to prevent coughing. c. restrict fluids to prevent volume overload. d. Maintain him in a supine position. 71. Your patient who has a chest tube is going to be transported to the radiology department. For safe transport you should: a. maintain chest tube patency and keep the collection device lower than the insertion site. b. clamp the tubes close to the body and remove the collection device. c. maintain chest tube patency and hang the collection device on the IV pole. d. request that portable X-rays be taken since the patient cannot be safely transported.
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