Speech Study Guide

Suggestions to benefit the speaker: • Be well prepared; be honest with oneself in knowing enough preparation has occurred. • Develop a positive attitude. • Practice the speech. • Anticipate the speech situation. • Practice active listening. • Exercise for relaxation. • Remember some apprehension can be positive. • Maintain a sense of perspective. Even the most-well prepared person can have things happen. The microphone may fail, the person introducing mispronounces the speaker’s name, or note cards drop during the speech. Keep a sense of perspective. • Conversational is a type of delivery that seems spontaneous, as though one is talking with an audience. • Spontaneity is sounding natural no matter how many times one has practiced. • Animated is a type of delivery that is lively and dynamic. • Voice is the sound someone produces using vocal organs. • Pitch is the highness or lowness of the sounds produced in the larynx. • Volume is how loudly or softly one speaks. • Rate is the speed at which one talks. • Quality is the tone, timbre, or sound of a voice. • Articulation is using the tongue, palate, teeth, jaw movement, and lips to shape vocalized sounds that combine to produce a word. • Pronunciation is the form and accent of various syllables of a word. • Accent is the inflection, tone, and speech habits typical of native speakers of a language. • Vocal expression is the variety created in a voice through changing pitch, volume, and rate, as well as stressing certain words and using pauses. • Appearance is the way people look to others. • Posture is the position or bearing of the body. • Poise is the graceful and controlled use of the body. • Eye contact is looking at the people to whom one is speaking. 8.9 Key Terms • Delivery is how a message is communicated through the use of voice and body. is all speech elements other than the words themselves. • Nonverbal communication


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