Speech Study Guide

7. Multiple types of evidence are needed to backup and support a speaker’s claim and enhance credibility. 8. To ensure that evidence is accurate, relevant, and in line with the speaker’s topic. Chapter 6 1. A speaker must do research, regardless of their own expertise, to ensure that topics and supporting materials are accurate and enhance the quality of the speech. 2. A speaker begins with secondary research before conducting primary research because after examining a speaker’s own personal experiences and knowledge, one needs sources outside of the speaker’s own knowledge (research done by others). If that research (secondary) proves to be unsatisfactory, then a speaker can conduct primary research. 3. Skimming is quickly reading over sources to see what the source is covering and derive what the essential information is. 4. The three primary categories are valid, accurate, and reliable. 5. Authenticity, objectivity, currency, and relevance are used to judge the accuracy, reliability, and validity of a source. 6. The speaker should select the best person, prepare the interview protocol, conduct the interview, and process interview notes quickly. 7. Plagiarism is passing off another’s work as your own without citing the original author. Chapter 7 1. The four characteristics are: • Short sentences and familiar language • Use of plural and personal pronouns • Feature descriptive words and phrases that appeal to the ear in a way that sustains attention and promotes retention • Incorporate clear macro structural elements 2. Generic language, non-parallelism, potentially offensive humor, profanity, and vulgarity should be avoided in a speech. 3. Connotation is the perception of denotation. Denotation is the literal dictionary definition. 4. Hearing is the physiological process of receiving and processing sound. Listening is the process of receiving, attending to, and constructing meaning from and responding to spoken and nonverbal messages. 5. The four types of listening are content, people, action, time oriented listeners. 6. To improve memory, repeat information, construct mnemonics, and take notes.


Achieve Test Prep

Page 80

of 80

Made with FlippingBook Learn more on our blog