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Chapter 1 Review Questions 1. Scholars are more likely to define religion to mean which of the following? a. Renewal b. Worship c. Reconnecting d. Belief in a higher power 2. The dictionary defines _____________ as “a religious or solemn ceremony consisting of a series of actions performed according to a prescribed order.” a. Sacrifice b. Rituals c. Doctrine d. Myths 3. Which of the following types of religions is not likely to follow a non- anthropomorphic deity? a. Monotheistic b. Polytheistic c. Panentheistic d. Henotheistic 4. Zoroastrians can be thought of as a _________________ religion. a. Monotheistic b. Polytheistic c. Panentheistic d. Henotheistic 5. Supernatural techniques intended to accomplish specific aims is referred to as: a.
6. Which of the following is not true about religion? a. It is a cultural generality b. It helps maintain social control c. Different societies conceptualize divinity, supernatural entities, and ultimate realities very differently d. It can promote social change 7. Who is credited for saying, “Religion is the sign of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, just as it is the spirit of a spiritless situation. It is the opium of the people.” a. James Frazier b. Karl Marx c. Sigmund Freud d. Edward Tylor 8. The belief that all things have a soul best describes which religious theory? a. Animistic Theory b. Nature Worship Theory c. Magic Theory d. Totemism 9. Adrian believes in God and attends church when he can, but he does not participate in daily prayer or reads from the bible. Adrian could best be described as having which type of orientation? a. Intrinsic orientation b. Extrinsic orientation c. Prophetic orientation d. Mystical orientation 10. All three major monotheistic religions developed in this region. a. Europe b. Africa c. Middle East or Southwest Asia d. Northwest Asia The answer key is found on page 96.