N211: Health Differences Across the Lifespan I
28. Administration of spironolactone (Aldactone) is most likely to lead to: a. hypocalcemia b. hyperkalemia c. hyponatremia d. hyperphosphatemia 29. Following repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm all the following nursing interventions would be important except: a. Always maintain the patient with the hips flexed b. observe for back pain c. assist the patient to ambulate as soon as possible d. assess for hypotension and increased pulse rate 30. The drug classification that is most effective for increasing cardiac output: a. calcium antagonist b. antiarrhythmics c. beta blockers d. vasoconstrictor 31. Your teaching for a patient who is taking warfarin sodium (Coumadin) has not been successful if he states: a. I’ll increase my intake of green leafy vegetables. b. I will be especially careful when using sharp utensils in the kitchen. c. I will have my blood drawn on the schedule the physician sets up for me. d. I will avoid over-the-counter medications, especially those containing aspirin.
32. You should be most concerned regarding the intake of what nutrients in a patient in the late stages of cancer? a. fats b. protein c. carbohydrates d. simple sugars 33. An undesirable side effect of giving the female hormone premarin to patients with non-operable prostate cancer is: a. decreased immunity b. increased breast size c. Hirsutism d. development of a buffalo hump 34. Following administration of too much morphine sulfate, the patient’s CO2 level is increasing. Why? a. chest muscles have become too weak for deep inspiration. b. Diaphragmatic musculature is depressed, preventing normal inspiration and expiration. c. CO2 increases in an attempt to compensate for increased oxygen accumulation. d. hot, dry, flushed skin 35. A weight gain of four pounds in 24 hours would most likely be caused by: a. congestive heart failure b. left ventricular hypertrophy c. cor pulmonale d. The medullary control center is depressed.
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