Humanities Study Guide inferences about the text. A suitable method for determining the theme is to ask yourself to summarize the writing in a single word or phrase after reading. Then stretch that word into a statement to determine the message that the author was trying to convey. Poetry When we analyze poetry, we are looking at how the poet arranged the poem on the paper. We consider how many stanzas are present, the punctuation, and the breaks in the lines. The diction is the word choice that the author makes. The informal or formal phrases and words can change the tone, characterization, and theme of the poem. Sonic devices are resources used by writers to convey and reinforce the meaning or experience of their writing through the skillful use of sound. These are especially important for poets. After all, poets are trying to use a concentrated blend of sound and imagery to evoke an emotional response. Understanding sonic devices is crucial both for analysis and for one's writing. One sonic device is alliteration , which uses a stream of words that all start with the same first phoneme. For example, "someone sang a song" uses alliteration since four of the words begin with the same "s" sound. The use of alliteration can suggest a humorous or even a threatening tone. These sentences are typically interrupted by required words used to clarify the meaning, like "and," "for," and "to." Assonance is the repetition of a similar set of vowel sounds, typically used to emphasize intensity, mood, and imagery. Examples of assonance include "go and mow the lawn" or "here and there and everywhere." A cacophony is defined as a harsh mixture of sounds. In poetry, a cacophony is the use of words with harsh consonants, usually at the beginning of a word. A poet might use cacophony to set a mood of negativity and unhappiness. An onomatopoeia is a word that attempts to emulate a sound such as bang, zoom, crash, and smack. Poets use onomatopoeias to make their writing enjoyable and to provide variety in their poems. A combination of all these elements can determine the heart and intention of a work of literature. We have now looked at a variety of essential terms across all the humanities. With this understanding of the foundations of literature and humanities, we can build upwards and explore each art form throughout history. In the next part of this book, we will look at each humanity in more detail and learn about specific works of art throughout time.
2. Which of the following is an example of an internal conflict? a. Themain character cannot get to work because of the stormy weather. b. The main character must learn to overcome his fear of spiders. c. The main character realizes that his actions towards others makes him a bully. d. The main character has an argument with her friend because they do not agree on which activity they should do together. e. Both B and C 3. Which of the following humanities is defined as the way the human body forms around space? a. architecture b. dance c. paintings d. sculptures e. music 4. How would an architect design a centered space? a. The architect designs the space for comfort and enjoyment. b. The architect creates the space to be functional and serve a purpose. c. The architect focuses the space around one object. d. The architect designs the space to be beautiful, so that people want to look at it. e. The building itself is designed to the center of life and everything bustles around its doors.
What is the difference between a low relief structure and a high relief structure? a. In low relief sculptures, the inwards depth is minimal, whereas in high relief sculptures, the art has been carved into the material and some remains connected to the source. b. Low relief sculptures are lower to the ground, where high relief sculptures are often found in higher places. c. In low relief sculptures, the sculptor carves into the material, but in high relief sculptures, the sculptor uses materials that are found in the environment. d. Low relief sculptures are designed with a specific purpose, while high relief sculptures are built to invoke emotions in the viewers. e. There is no difference between the two types of sculptures.
5. Which of the following is not classified as a medium? a. Oils b. Tempura c. Fresco d. Acrylic e. Waterpaints 6. Which sonic device in poetry uses a stream of words that all start with the same first phoneme? a. alliteration b. assonance c. cacophony d. homonym e. onomatopoeia 7. Which of the following refers to the third-person omniscient point of view? a. The author tells the story through an outsider’s perspective. b. The story is told from an outsider’s perspective and the narrator knows one character’s thoughts and feelings in the story. c. The story is told from an outsider’s perspective and the narrator knows what every character is thinking in the plot. d. The author talks directly to the reader and uses words like “you”.
8. Which of the following is correctly paired? a. Melody: how high or low a sound is b. Pitch: series of notes the audience hears c. rhythm: beat or combination of accents and duration d. scale: how fast or slow the music is played e. tempo: predetermined sequence of notes 9. Which medium did Cimabue use in painting Madonna and Child Enthroned with Angels ? a. acrylic b. fresco c. oil d. tempura e. watercolor 10. When you are examining a painting’s contrast of details, colors, shapes, and regions, what composition principle are you evaluating? a. balance b. gradation c. proportion d. unity e. variety